Integration of variational autoencoder and spatial clustering for adaptive multi-channel neural speech separation

In this paper, we propose a method combining variational autoencoder model of speech with a spatial clustering approach for multi-channel speech separation. The advantage of integrating spatial clustering with a spectral model was shown in several works. As the spectral model, previous works used either factorial generative models of the mixed speech or discriminative neural networks. In our work, we combine the strengths of both approaches, by building a factorial model based on a generative neural network, a variational autoencoder. By doing so, we can exploit the modeling power of neural networks, but at the same time, keep a structured model. Such a model can be advantageous when adapting to new noise conditions as only the noise part of the model needs to be modified. We show experimentally, that our model significantly outperforms previous factorial model based on Gaussian mixture model (DOLPHIN), performs comparably to integration of permutation invariant training with spatial clustering, and enables us to easily adapt to new noise conditions. The code for the method is available at

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