Interactive Radiotherapy Target Delineation with 3D-Fused Context Propagation

12 Dec 2020  ·  Chun-Hung Chao, Hsien-Tzu Cheng, Tsung-Ying Ho, Le Lu, Min Sun ·

Gross tumor volume (GTV) delineation on tomography medical imaging is crucial for radiotherapy planning and cancer diagnosis. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) has been predominated on automatic 3D medical segmentation tasks, including contouring the radiotherapy target given 3D CT volume. While CNNs may provide feasible outcome, in clinical scenario, double-check and prediction refinement by experts is still necessary because of CNNs' inconsistent performance on unexpected patient cases. To provide experts an efficient way to modify the CNN predictions without retrain the model, we propose 3D-fused context propagation, which propagates any edited slice to the whole 3D volume. By considering the high-level feature maps, the radiation oncologists would only required to edit few slices to guide the correction and refine the whole prediction volume. Specifically, we leverage the backpropagation for activation technique to convey the user editing information backwardly to the latent space and generate new prediction based on the updated and original feature. During the interaction, our proposed approach reuses the extant extracted features and does not alter the existing 3D CNN model architectures, avoiding the perturbation on other predictions. The proposed method is evaluated on two published radiotherapy target contouring datasets of nasopharyngeal and esophageal cancer. The experimental results demonstrate that our proposed method is able to further effectively improve the existing segmentation prediction from different model architectures given oncologists' interactive inputs.

PDF Abstract
No code implementations yet. Submit your code now



  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here