Joint Constellation Rotation and Symbol-level Precoding Optimization in the Downlink of Multiuser MISO Channels

8 Nov 2020  ·  Maha Alodeh, Björn Ottersten ·

This paper tackles the problem of the simultaneous interference among the multiple users in the downlink of a wireless multiantenna system. In order to exploit the multiuser interference and transform it into useful power at the receiver side, symbol-level precoding is utilized through joint exploitation of the data from each individual user and the channel state information. This paper introduces a complexity reduction scheme that exploits the constellations symmetry to reduce the number of possible calculations and the number of constraints in the symbol-level optimization problem. This paper also proposes a new transmission technique that jointly optimizes the transmit symbol-level precoding and the constellation rotation of the data stream for each user. The purpose is to increase the probability of having constructive interference, and thus better performance. We focus on improving the energy efficiency by reducing the required power to satisfy certain quality of service constraints through solving a symbol-level precoding problem and finding the optimal phase by which each user constellation should be rotated. This problem is non-convex, therefore, we propose an efficient branch-and-bound algorithm combined with semidefinite relaxation to solve the problem and find an efficient solution. Numerical results are presented in a comparative fashion to show the effectiveness of the proposed technique, which outperforms the state-of-the-art symbol-level precoding schemes in terms of energy efficiency, and power consumption.

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