Joint Forecasting and Interpolation of Graph Signals Using Deep Learning

2 Jun 2020  ·  Gabriela Lewenfus, Wallace Alves Martins, Symeon Chatzinotas, Björn Ottersten ·

We tackle the problem of forecasting network-signal snapshots using past signal measurements acquired by a subset of network nodes. This task can be seen as a combination of multivariate time-series prediction and graph-signal interpolation. This is a fundamental problem for many applications wherein deploying a high granularity network is impractical. Our solution combines recurrent neural networks with frequency-analysis tools from graph signal processing, and assumes that data is sufficiently smooth with respect to the underlying graph. The proposed approach outperforms state-of-the-art deep learning techniques, especially when only a small fraction of the graph signals is accessible, considering two distinct real world datasets: temperatures in the US and speed flow in Seattle. The results also indicate that our method can handle noisy signals and missing data, making it suitable to many practical applications.

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