Quantifying Non-linear Dependencies in Blind Source Separation of Power System Signals using Copula Statistics

14 Sep 2023  ·  Pooja Algikar, Lamine Mili, Kiran Karra, Akash Algikar, Mohsen Ben Hassine ·

The dynamics of a power system with a significant presence of renewable energy resources are growing increasingly nonlinear. This nonlinearity is a result of the intermittent nature of these resources and the switching behavior of their power electronic devices. Therefore, it is crucial to address these nonlinearity in the blind source separation methods. In this paper, we propose a blind source separation of a linear mixture of dependent sources based on copula statistics that measure the non-linear dependence between source component signals structured as copula density functions. The source signals are assumed to be stationary. The method minimizes the Kullback-Leibler divergence between the copula density functions of the estimated sources and of the dependency structure. The proposed method is applied to data obtained from the time-domain analysis of the classical 11-Bus 4-Machine system. Extensive simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method based on copula statistics converges faster and outperforms the state-of-the-art blind source separation method for dependent sources in terms of interference-to-signal ratio.

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