Label Enhanced Event Detection with Heterogeneous Graph Attention Networks

3 Dec 2020  ·  Shiyao Cui, Bowen Yu, Xin Cong, Tingwen Liu, Quangang Li, Jinqiao Shi ·

Event Detection (ED) aims to recognize instances of specified types of event triggers in text. Different from English ED, Chinese ED suffers from the problem of word-trigger mismatch due to the uncertain word boundaries. Existing approaches injecting word information into character-level models have achieved promising progress to alleviate this problem, but they are limited by two issues. First, the interaction between characters and lexicon words is not fully exploited. Second, they ignore the semantic information provided by event labels. We thus propose a novel architecture named Label enhanced Heterogeneous Graph Attention Networks (L-HGAT). Specifically, we transform each sentence into a graph, where character nodes and word nodes are connected with different types of edges, so that the interaction between words and characters is fully reserved. A heterogeneous graph attention networks is then introduced to propagate relational message and enrich information interaction. Furthermore, we convert each label into a trigger-prototype-based embedding, and design a margin loss to guide the model distinguish confusing event labels. Experiments on two benchmark datasets show that our model achieves significant improvement over a range of competitive baseline methods.

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