LADDER: Latent Boundary-guided Adversarial Training

8 Jun 2022  ·  Xiaowei Zhou, Ivor W. Tsang, Jie Yin ·

Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have recently achieved great success in many classification tasks. Unfortunately, they are vulnerable to adversarial attacks that generate adversarial examples with a small perturbation to fool DNN models, especially in model sharing scenarios. Adversarial training is proved to be the most effective strategy that injects adversarial examples into model training to improve the robustness of DNN models against adversarial attacks. However, adversarial training based on the existing adversarial examples fails to generalize well to standard, unperturbed test data. To achieve a better trade-off between standard accuracy and adversarial robustness, we propose a novel adversarial training framework called LAtent bounDary-guided aDvErsarial tRaining (LADDER) that adversarially trains DNN models on latent boundary-guided adversarial examples. As opposed to most of the existing methods that generate adversarial examples in the input space, LADDER generates a myriad of high-quality adversarial examples through adding perturbations to latent features. The perturbations are made along the normal of the decision boundary constructed by an SVM with an attention mechanism. We analyze the merits of our generated boundary-guided adversarial examples from a boundary field perspective and visualization view. Extensive experiments and detailed analysis on MNIST, SVHN, CelebA, and CIFAR-10 validate the effectiveness of LADDER in achieving a better trade-off between standard accuracy and adversarial robustness as compared with vanilla DNNs and competitive baselines.

PDF Abstract

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.