Learning a collaborative multiscale dictionary based on robust empirical mode decomposition

4 Apr 2017  ·  Rui Chen, Huizhu Jia, Xiaodong Xie, Wen Gao ·

Dictionary learning is a challenge topic in many image processing areas. The basic goal is to learn a sparse representation from an overcomplete basis set. Due to combining the advantages of generic multiscale representations with learning based adaptivity, multiscale dictionary representation approaches have the power in capturing structural characteristics of natural images. However, existing multiscale learning approaches still suffer from three main weaknesses: inadaptability to diverse scales of image data, sensitivity to noise and outliers, difficulty to determine optimal dictionary structure. In this paper, we present a novel multiscale dictionary learning paradigm for sparse image representations based on an improved empirical mode decomposition. This powerful data-driven analysis tool for multi-dimensional signal can fully adaptively decompose the image into multiscale oscillating components according to intrinsic modes of data self. This treatment can obtain a robust and effective sparse representation, and meanwhile generates a raw base dictionary at multiple geometric scales and spatial frequency bands. This dictionary is refined by selecting optimal oscillating atoms based on frequency clustering. In order to further enhance sparsity and generalization, a tolerance dictionary is learned using a coherence regularized model. A fast proximal scheme is developed to optimize this model. The multiscale dictionary is considered as the product of oscillating dictionary and tolerance dictionary. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed learning approach has the superior performance in sparse image representations as compared with several competing methods. We also show the promising results in image denoising application.

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