Learning neutrino effects in Cosmology with Convolutional Neural Networks

Measuring the sum of the three active neutrino masses, $M_\nu$, is one of the most important challenges in modern cosmology. Massive neutrinos imprint characteristic signatures on several cosmological observables in particular on the large-scale structure of the Universe... In order to maximize the information that can be retrieved from galaxy surveys, accurate theoretical predictions in the non-linear regime are needed. Currently, one way to achieve those predictions is by running cosmological numerical simulations. Unfortunately, producing those simulations requires high computational resources -- seven hundred CPU hours for each neutrino mass case. In this work, we propose a new method, based on a deep learning network (U-Net), to quickly generate simulations with massive neutrinos from standard $\Lambda$CDM simulations without neutrinos. We computed multiple relevant statistical measures of deep-learning generated simulations, and conclude that our method accurately reproduces the 3-dimensional spatial distribution of matter down to non-linear scales: $k < 0.7$ h/Mpc. Finally, our method allows us to generate massive neutrino simulations 10,000 times faster than the traditional methods. read more

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