Learning Probabilistic Intersection Traffic Models for Trajectory Prediction

5 Feb 2020  ·  Andrew Patterson, Aditya Gahlawat, Naira Hovakimyan ·

Autonomous agents must be able to safely interact with other vehicles to integrate into urban environments. The safety of these agents is dependent on their ability to predict collisions with other vehicles' future trajectories for replanning and collision avoidance. The information needed to predict collisions can be learned from previously observed vehicle trajectories in a specific environment, generating a traffic model. The learned traffic model can then be incorporated as prior knowledge into any trajectory estimation method being used in this environment. This work presents a Gaussian process based probabilistic traffic model that is used to quantify vehicle behaviors in an intersection. The Gaussian process model provides estimates for the average vehicle trajectory, while also capturing the variance between the different paths a vehicle may take in the intersection. The method is demonstrated on a set of time-series position trajectories. These trajectories are reconstructed by removing object recognition errors and missed frames that may occur due to data source processing. To create the intersection traffic model, the reconstructed trajectories are clustered based on their source and destination lanes. For each cluster, a Gaussian process model is created to capture the average behavior and the variance of the cluster. To show the applicability of the Gaussian model, the test trajectories are classified with only partial observations. Performance is quantified by the number of observations required to correctly classify the vehicle trajectory. Both the intersection traffic modeling computations and the classification procedure are timed. These times are presented as results and demonstrate that the model can be constructed in a reasonable amount of time and the classification procedure can be used for online applications.

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