Learning Super-resolution 3D Segmentation of Plant Root MRI Images from Few Examples

16 Mar 2019  ·  Ali Oguz Uzman, Jannis Horn, Sven Behnke ·

Analyzing plant roots is crucial to understand plant performance in different soil environments. While magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to obtain 3D images of plant roots, extracting the root structural model is challenging due to highly noisy soil environments and low-resolution of MRI images. To improve both contrast and resolution, we adapt the state-of-the-art method RefineNet for 3D segmentation of the plant root MRI images in super-resolution. The networks are trained from few manual segmentations that are augmented by geometric transformations, realistic noise, and other variabilities. The resulting segmentations contain most root structures, including branches not extracted by the human annotator.

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