Learning to Resolve Conflicts for Multi-Agent Path Finding with Conflict-Based Search

10 Dec 2020  ·  Taoan Huang, Bistra Dilkina, Sven Koenig ·

Conflict-Based Search (CBS) is a state-of-the-art algorithm for multi-agent path finding. At the high level, CBS repeatedly detects conflicts and resolves one of them by splitting the current problem into two subproblems. Previous work chooses the conflict to resolve by categorizing the conflict into three classes and always picking a conflict from the highest-priority class. In this work, we propose an oracle for conflict selection that results in smaller search tree sizes than the one used in previous work. However, the computation of the oracle is slow. Thus, we propose a machine-learning framework for conflict selection that observes the decisions made by the oracle and learns a conflict-selection strategy represented by a linear ranking function that imitates the oracle's decisions accurately and quickly. Experiments on benchmark maps indicate that our method significantly improves the success rates, the search tree sizes and runtimes over the current state-of-the-art CBS solver.

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