Lie Group Auto-Encoder

28 Jan 2019  ·  Liyu Gong, Qiang Cheng ·

In this paper, we propose an auto-encoder based generative neural network model whose encoder compresses the inputs into vectors in the tangent space of a special Lie group manifold: upper triangular positive definite affine transform matrices (UTDATs). UTDATs are representations of Gaussian distributions and can straightforwardly generate Gaussian distributed samples. Therefore, the encoder is trained together with a decoder (generator) which takes Gaussian distributed latent vectors as input. Compared with related generative models such as variational auto-encoder, the proposed model incorporates the information on geometric properties of Gaussian distributions. As a special case, we derive an exponential mapping layer for diagonal Gaussian UTDATs which eliminates matrix exponential operator compared with general exponential mapping in Lie group theory. Moreover, we derive an intrinsic loss for UTDAT Lie group which can be calculated as l-2 loss in the tangent space. Furthermore, inspired by the Lie group theory, we propose to use the Lie algebra vectors rather than the raw parameters (e.g. mean) of Gaussian distributions as compressed representations of original inputs. Experimental results verity the effectiveness of the proposed new generative model and the benefits gained from the Lie group structural information of UTDATs.

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