Locally Differentially Private Naive Bayes Classification

3 May 2019  ·  Emre Yilmaz, Mohammad Al-Rubaie, J. Morris Chang ·

In machine learning, classification models need to be trained in order to predict class labels. When the training data contains personal information about individuals, collecting training data becomes difficult due to privacy concerns. Local differential privacy is a definition to measure the individual privacy when there is no trusted data curator. Individuals interact with an untrusted data aggregator who obtains statistical information about the population without learning personal data. In order to train a Naive Bayes classifier in an untrusted setting, we propose to use methods satisfying local differential privacy. Individuals send their perturbed inputs that keep the relationship between the feature values and class labels. The data aggregator estimates all probabilities needed by the Naive Bayes classifier. Then, new instances can be classified based on the estimated probabilities. We propose solutions for both discrete and continuous data. In order to eliminate high amount of noise and decrease communication cost in multi-dimensional data, we propose utilizing dimensionality reduction techniques which can be applied by individuals before perturbing their inputs. Our experimental results show that the accuracy of the Naive Bayes classifier is maintained even when the individual privacy is guaranteed under local differential privacy, and that using dimensionality reduction enhances the accuracy.

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