Location-aware Beamforming for MIMO-enabled UAV Communications: An Unknown Input Observer Approach

20 Nov 2021  ·  Alireza Mohammadi, Mehdi Rahmati, Hafiz Malik ·

Numerous communications and networking challenges prevent deploying unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in extreme environments where the existing wireless technologies are mainly ground-focused; and, as a consequence, the air-to-air channel for UAVs is not fully covered. In this paper, a novel spatial estimation for beamforming is proposed to address UAV-based joint sensing and communications (JSC). The proposed spatial estimation algorithm relies on using a delay tolerant observer-based predictor, which can accurately predict the positions of the target UAVs in the presence of uncertainties due to factors such as wind gust. The solution, which uses discrete-time unknown input observers (UIOs), reduces the joint target detection and communication complication notably by operating on the same device and performs reliably in the presence of channel blockage and interference. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is demonstrated using simulation results.

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