Low-Rank and Sparse Enhanced Tucker Decomposition for Tensor Completion

1 Oct 2020  ·  Chenjian Pan, Chen Ling, Hongjin He, Liqun Qi, Yanwei Xu ·

Tensor completion refers to the task of estimating the missing data from an incomplete measurement or observation, which is a core problem frequently arising from the areas of big data analysis, computer vision, and network engineering. Due to the multidimensional nature of high-order tensors, the matrix approaches, e.g., matrix factorization and direct matricization of tensors, are often not ideal for tensor completion and recovery. In this paper, we introduce a unified low-rank and sparse enhanced Tucker decomposition model for tensor completion. Our model possesses a sparse regularization term to promote a sparse core tensor of the Tucker decomposition, which is beneficial for tensor data compression. Moreover, we enforce low-rank regularization terms on factor matrices of the Tucker decomposition for inducing the low-rankness of the tensor with a cheap computational cost. Numerically, we propose a customized ADMM with enough easy subproblems to solve the underlying model. It is remarkable that our model is able to deal with different types of real-world data sets, since it exploits the potential periodicity and inherent correlation properties appeared in tensors. A series of computational experiments on real-world data sets, including internet traffic data sets, color images, and face recognition, demonstrate that our model performs better than many existing state-of-the-art matricization and tensorization approaches in terms of achieving higher recovery accuracy.

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