ManiFeSt: Manifold-based Feature Selection for Small Data Sets

18 Jul 2022  ·  David Cohen, Tal Shnitzer, Yuval Kluger, Ronen Talmon ·

In this paper, we present a new method for few-sample supervised feature selection (FS). Our method first learns the manifold of the feature space of each class using kernels capturing multi-feature associations. Then, based on Riemannian geometry, a composite kernel is computed, extracting the differences between the learned feature associations. Finally, a FS score based on spectral analysis is proposed. Considering multi-feature associations makes our method multivariate by design. This in turn allows for the extraction of the hidden manifold underlying the features and avoids overfitting, facilitating few-sample FS. We showcase the efficacy of our method on illustrative examples and several benchmarks, where our method demonstrates higher accuracy in selecting the informative features compared to competing methods. In addition, we show that our FS leads to improved classification and better generalization when applied to test data.

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