MDT-Net: Multi-domain Transfer by Perceptual Supervision for Unpaired Images in OCT Scan

12 Mar 2022  ·  Weinan Song, Gaurav Fotedar, Nima Tajbakhsh, Ziheng Zhou, Xiaowei Ding ·

Deep learning models tend to underperform in the presence of domain shifts. Domain transfer has recently emerged as a promising approach wherein images exhibiting a domain shift are transformed into other domains for augmentation or adaptation. However, with the absence of paired and annotated images, most domain transfer methods mainly rely on adversarial networks and weak cycle consistency, which could result in incomplete domain transfer or poor adherence to the original image content. In this paper, we introduce MDT-Net to address the limitations above through a multi-domain transfer model based on perceptual supervision. Specifically, our model consists of an encoder-decoder network, which aims to preserve anatomical structures, and multiple domain-specific transfer modules, which guide the domain transition through feature transformation. During the inference, MDT-Net can directly transfer images from the source domain to multiple target domains at one time without any reference image. To demonstrate the performance of MDT-Net, we evaluate it on RETOUCH dataset, comprising OCT scans from three different scanner devices (domains), for multi-domain transfer. We also take the transformed results as additional training images for fluid segmentation in OCT scans in the tasks of domain adaptation and data augmentation. Experimental results show that MDT-Net can outperform other domain transfer models qualitatively and quantitatively. Furthermore, the significant improvement in dice scores over multiple segmentation models also demonstrates the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed method.

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