Efficient Meta Subspace Optimization

28 Oct 2021  ·  Yoni Choukroun, Michael Katz ·

Subspace optimization methods have the attractive property of reducing large-scale optimization problems to a sequence of low-dimensional subspace optimization problems. However, existing subspace optimization frameworks adopt a fixed update policy of the subspace and therefore appear to be sub-optimal. In this paper, we propose a new \emph{Meta Subspace Optimization} (MSO) framework for large-scale optimization problems, which allows to determine the subspace matrix at each optimization iteration. In order to remain invariant to the optimization problem's dimension, we design an \emph{efficient} meta optimizer based on very low-dimensional subspace optimization coefficients, inducing a rule-based method that can significantly improve performance. Finally, we design and analyze a reinforcement learning (RL) procedure based on the subspace optimization dynamics whose learnt policies outperform existing subspace optimization methods.

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