MLography: An Automated Quantitative Metallography Model for Impurities Anomaly Detection using Novel Data Mining and Deep Learning Approach

27 Feb 2020  ·  Matan Rusanovsky, Gal Oren, Sigalit Ifergane, Ofer Beeri ·

The micro-structure of most of the engineering alloys contains some inclusions and precipitates, which may affect their properties, therefore it is crucial to characterize them. In this work we focus on the development of a state-of-the-art artificial intelligence model for Anomaly Detection named MLography to automatically quantify the degree of anomaly of impurities in alloys... For this purpose, we introduce several anomaly detection measures: Spatial, Shape and Area anomaly, that successfully detect the most anomalous objects based on their objective, given that the impurities were already labeled. The first two measures quantify the degree of anomaly of each object by how each object is distant and big compared to its neighborhood, and by the abnormally of its own shape respectively. The last measure, combines the former two and highlights the most anomalous regions among all input images, for later (physical) examination. The performance of the model is presented and analyzed based on few representative cases. We stress that although the models presented here were developed for metallography analysis, most of them can be generalized to a wider set of problems in which anomaly detection of geometrical objects is desired. All models as well as the data-set that was created for this work, are publicly available at: https://github.com/matanr/MLography. read more

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