Model-based Deep Medical Imaging: the roadmap of generalizing iterative reconstruction model using deep learning

Medical imaging is playing a more and more important role in clinics. However, there are several issues in different imaging modalities such as slow imaging speed in MRI, radiation injury in CT and PET. Therefore, accelerating MRI, reducing radiation dose in CT and PET have been ongoing research topics since their invention. Usually, acquiring less data is a direct but important strategy to address these issues. However, less acquisition usually results in aliasing artifacts in reconstructions. Recently, deep learning (DL) has been introduced in medical image reconstruction and shown potential on significantly speeding up MR reconstruction and reducing radiation dose. In this paper, we propose a general framework on combining the reconstruction model with deep learning to maximize the potential of deep learning and model-based reconstruction, and give the examples to demonstrate the performance and requirements of unrolling different algorithms using deep learning.

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