Motion Estimation via Robust Decomposition with Constrained Rank

22 Oct 2014  ·  German Ros, Jose Alvarez, Julio Guerrero ·

In this work, we address the problem of outlier detection for robust motion estimation by using modern sparse-low-rank decompositions, i.e., Robust PCA-like methods, to impose global rank constraints. Robust decompositions have shown to be good at splitting a corrupted matrix into an uncorrupted low-rank matrix and a sparse matrix, containing outliers. However, this process only works when matrices have relatively low rank with respect to their ambient space, a property not met in motion estimation problems. As a solution, we propose to exploit the partial information present in the decomposition to decide which matches are outliers. We provide evidences showing that even when it is not possible to recover an uncorrupted low-rank matrix, the resulting information can be exploited for outlier detection. To this end we propose the Robust Decomposition with Constrained Rank (RD-CR), a proximal gradient based method that enforces the rank constraints inherent to motion estimation. We also present a general framework to perform robust estimation for stereo Visual Odometry, based on our RD-CR and a simple but effective compressed optimization method that achieves high performance. Our evaluation on synthetic data and on the KITTI dataset demonstrates the applicability of our approach in complex scenarios and it yields state-of-the-art performance.

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