Multi-level Multimodal Common Semantic Space for Image-Phrase Grounding

We address the problem of phrase grounding by lear ing a multi-level common semantic space shared by the textual and visual modalities. We exploit multiple levels of feature maps of a Deep Convolutional Neural Network, as well as contextualized word and sentence embeddings extracted from a character-based language model. Following dedicated non-linear mappings for visual features at each level, word, and sentence embeddings, we obtain multiple instantiations of our common semantic space in which comparisons between any target text and the visual content is performed with cosine similarity. We guide the model by a multi-level multimodal attention mechanism which outputs attended visual features at each level. The best level is chosen to be compared with text content for maximizing the pertinence scores of image-sentence pairs of the ground truth. Experiments conducted on three publicly available datasets show significant performance gains (20%-60% relative) over the state-of-the-art in phrase localization and set a new performance record on those datasets. We provide a detailed ablation study to show the contribution of each element of our approach and release our code on GitHub.

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Results from the Paper


Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Phrase Grounding Flickr30k COCO_ELMo_PNASNet Pointing Game Accuracy 69.19 # 1
Phrase Grounding ReferIt VG_BiLSTM_VGG Pointing Game Accuracy 62.76 # 1
Phrase Grounding Visual Genome VG_ELMo_PNASNet Pointing Game Accuracy 55.16 # 1

Methods


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