Multi-resolution Graph Neural Network for Identifying Disease-specific Variations in Brain Connectivity

3 Dec 2019  ·  Xin Ma, Guorong Wu, Won Hwa Kim ·

Convolution Neural Network (CNN) recently have been adopted in several neuroimaging studies for diagnosis capturing disease-specific changes in the brain. While many of these methods are designed to work with images in $\mathbb R^n$ exploiting regular structure of the domain, they are not well-suited to analyze data with irregular structure such as brain connectivity. As there is significant interest in understanding the altered interactions between different brain regions that lead to neuro-disorders, it is important to develop data-driven methods that work with a population of graph data for traditional prediction tasks. In this regime, we propose a novel CNN-based framework with adaptive graph transforms to learn the most disease-relevant connectome feature maps which have the highest discrimination power across diagnostic categories. The backbone of our framework is a multi-resolution representation of the graph matrix which is steered by a set of wavelet-like graph transforms. In this context, our supervised graph learning framework outperforms conventional graph methods that predict diagnostic label only based on the underlying individual graph. Our extensive experiments on two real datasets of functional and structural brain networks show that our multi-resolution framework achieves significantly higher accuracy, precision and recall in predicting diagnostic labels and identifying disease-specific brain connectivities that are associated with brain disorders such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Alzheimer's Disease (AD).

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