Multi-user Resource Control with Deep Reinforcement Learning in IoT Edge Computing

19 Jun 2019  ·  Lei Lei, Huijuan Xu, Xiong Xiong, Kan Zheng, Wei Xiang, Xianbin Wang ·

By leveraging the concept of mobile edge computing (MEC), massive amount of data generated by a large number of Internet of Things (IoT) devices could be offloaded to MEC server at the edge of wireless network for further computational intensive processing. However, due to the resource constraint of IoT devices and wireless network, both the communications and computation resources need to be allocated and scheduled efficiently for better system performance... In this paper, we propose a joint computation offloading and multi-user scheduling algorithm for IoT edge computing system to minimize the long-term average weighted sum of delay and power consumption under stochastic traffic arrival. We formulate the dynamic optimization problem as an infinite-horizon average-reward continuous-time Markov decision process (CTMDP) model. One critical challenge in solving this MDP problem for the multi-user resource control is the curse-of-dimensionality problem, where the state space of the MDP model and the computation complexity increase exponentially with the growing number of users or IoT devices. In order to overcome this challenge, we use the deep reinforcement learning (RL) techniques and propose a neural network architecture to approximate the value functions for the post-decision system states. The designed algorithm to solve the CTMDP problem supports semi-distributed auction-based implementation, where the IoT devices submit bids to the BS to make the resource control decisions centrally. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm provides significant performance improvement over the baseline algorithms, and also outperforms the RL algorithms based on other neural network architectures. read more

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