Multi-View Fusion of Sensor Data for Improved Perception and Prediction in Autonomous Driving

We present an end-to-end method for object detection and trajectory prediction utilizing multi-view representations of LiDAR returns and camera images. In this work, we recognize the strengths and weaknesses of different view representations, and we propose an efficient and generic fusing method that aggregates benefits from all views. Our model builds on a state-of-the-art Bird's-Eye View (BEV) network that fuses voxelized features from a sequence of historical LiDAR data as well as rasterized high-definition map to perform detection and prediction tasks. We extend this model with additional LiDAR Range-View (RV) features that use the raw LiDAR information in its native, non-quantized representation. The RV feature map is projected into BEV and fused with the BEV features computed from LiDAR and high-definition map. The fused features are then further processed to output the final detections and trajectories, within a single end-to-end trainable network. In addition, the RV fusion of LiDAR and camera is performed in a straightforward and computationally efficient manner using this framework. The proposed multi-view fusion approach improves the state-of-the-art on proprietary large-scale real-world data collected by a fleet of self-driving vehicles, as well as on the public nuScenes data set with minimal increases on the computational cost.

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