MultiBiSage: A Web-Scale Recommendation System Using Multiple Bipartite Graphs at Pinterest

Graph Convolutional Networks (GCN) can efficiently integrate graph structure and node features to learn high-quality node embeddings. These embeddings can then be used for several tasks such as recommendation and search. At Pinterest, we have developed and deployed PinSage, a data-efficient GCN that learns pin embeddings from the Pin-Board graph. The Pin-Board graph contains pin and board entities and the graph captures the pin belongs to a board interaction. However, there exist several entities at Pinterest such as users, idea pins, creators, and there exist heterogeneous interactions among these entities such as add-to-cart, follow, long-click. In this work, we show that training deep learning models on graphs that captures these diverse interactions would result in learning higher-quality pin embeddings than training PinSage on only the Pin-Board graph. To that end, we model the diverse entities and their diverse interactions through multiple bipartite graphs and propose a novel data-efficient MultiBiSage model. MultiBiSage can capture the graph structure of multiple bipartite graphs to learn high-quality pin embeddings. We take this pragmatic approach as it allows us to utilize the existing infrastructure developed at Pinterest -- such as Pixie system that can perform optimized random-walks on billion node graphs, along with existing training and deployment workflows. We train MultiBiSage on six bipartite graphs including our Pin-Board graph. Our offline metrics show that MultiBiSage significantly outperforms the deployed latest version of PinSage on multiple user engagement metrics.

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