Multiple-hypothesis RNN-T Loss for Unsupervised Fine-tuning and Self-training of Neural Transducer

29 Jul 2022  ·  Cong-Thanh Do, Mohan Li, Rama Doddipatla ·

This paper proposes a new approach to perform unsupervised fine-tuning and self-training using unlabeled speech data for recurrent neural network (RNN)-Transducer (RNN-T) end-to-end (E2E) automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems. Conventional systems perform fine-tuning/self-training using ASR hypothesis as the targets when using unlabeled audio data and are susceptible to the ASR performance of the base model. Here in order to alleviate the influence of ASR errors while using unlabeled data, we propose a multiple-hypothesis RNN-T loss that incorporates multiple ASR 1-best hypotheses into the loss function. For the fine-tuning task, ASR experiments on Librispeech show that the multiple-hypothesis approach achieves a relative reduction of 14.2% word error rate (WER) when compared to the single-hypothesis approach, on the test_other set. For the self-training task, ASR models are trained using supervised data from Wall Street Journal (WSJ), Aurora-4 along with CHiME-4 real noisy data as unlabeled data. The multiple-hypothesis approach yields a relative reduction of 3.3% WER on the CHiME-4's single-channel real noisy evaluation set when compared with the single-hypothesis approach.

PDF Abstract


Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.