Neighborhood Structure Assisted Non-negative Matrix Factorization and its Application in Unsupervised Point-wise Anomaly Detection

17 Jan 2020  ·  Imtiaz Ahmed, Xia Ben Hu, Mithun P. Acharya, Yu Ding ·

Dimensionality reduction is considered as an important step for ensuring competitive performance in unsupervised learning such as anomaly detection. Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) is a popular and widely used method to accomplish this goal... But NMF do not have the provision to include the neighborhood structure information and, as a result, may fail to provide satisfactory performance in presence of nonlinear manifold structure. To address that shortcoming, we propose to consider and incorporate the neighborhood structural similarity information within the NMF framework by modeling the data through a minimum spanning tree. We label the resulting method as the neighborhood structure assisted NMF. We further devise both offline and online algorithmic versions of the proposed method. Empirical comparisons using twenty benchmark datasets as well as an industrial dataset extracted from a hydropower plant demonstrate the superiority of the neighborhood structure assisted NMF and support our claim of merit. Looking closer into the formulation and properties of the neighborhood structure assisted NMF with other recent, enhanced versions of NMF reveals that inclusion of the neighborhood structure information using MST plays a key role in attaining the enhanced performance in anomaly detection. read more

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