Neural Observer with Lyapunov Stability Guarantee for Uncertain Nonlinear Systems

27 Aug 2022  ·  Song Chen, Shengze Cai, Tehuan Chen, Chao Xu, Jian Chu ·

In this paper, we propose a novel nonlinear observer based on neural networks, called neural observer, for observation tasks of linear time-invariant (LTI) systems and uncertain nonlinear systems. In particular, the neural observer designed for uncertain systems is inspired by the active disturbance rejection control, which can measure the uncertainty in real-time. The stability analysis (e.g., exponential convergence rate) of LTI and uncertain nonlinear systems (involving neural observers) are presented and guaranteed, where it is shown that the observation problems can be solved only using the linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). Also, it is revealed that the observability and controllability of the system matrices are required to demonstrate the existence of solutions of LMIs. Finally, the effectiveness of neural observers is verified on three simulation cases, including the X-29A aircraft model, the nonlinear pendulum, and the four-wheel steering vehicle.

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