Neural Rays for Occlusion-aware Image-based Rendering

We present a new neural representation, called Neural Ray (NeuRay), for the novel view synthesis (NVS) task with multi-view images as input. Existing neural scene representations for solving the NVS problem, such as NeRF, cannot generalize to new scenes and take an excessively long time on training on each new scene from scratch... The other subsequent neural rendering methods based on stereo matching, such as PixelNeRF, SRF and IBRNet are designed to generalize to unseen scenes but suffer from view inconsistency in complex scenes with self-occlusions. To address these issues, our NeuRay method represents every scene by encoding the visibility of rays associated with the input views. This neural representation can efficiently be initialized from depths estimated by external MVS methods, which is able to generalize to new scenes and achieves satisfactory rendering images without any training on the scene. Then, the initialized NeuRay can be further optimized on every scene with little training timing to enforce spatial coherence to ensure view consistency in the presence of severe self-occlusion. Experiments demonstrate that NeuRay can quickly generate high-quality novel view images of unseen scenes with little finetuning and can handle complex scenes with severe self-occlusions which previous methods struggle with. read more

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