On Detection and Structural Reconstruction of Small-World Random Networks

21 Apr 2016  ·  T. Tony Cai, Tengyuan Liang, Alexander Rakhlin ·

In this paper, we study detection and fast reconstruction of the celebrated Watts-Strogatz (WS) small-world random graph model \citep{watts1998collective} which aims to describe real-world complex networks that exhibit both high clustering and short average length properties. The WS model with neighborhood size $k$ and rewiring probability probability $\beta$ can be viewed as a continuous interpolation between a deterministic ring lattice graph and the Erd\H{o}s-R\'{e}nyi random graph... We study both the computational and statistical aspects of detecting the deterministic ring lattice structure (or local geographical links, strong ties) in the presence of random connections (or long range links, weak ties), and for its recovery. The phase diagram in terms of $(k,\beta)$ is partitioned into several regions according to the difficulty of the problem. We propose distinct methods for the various regions. read more

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