One-Class Classification: A Survey

8 Jan 2021  ·  Pramuditha Perera, Poojan Oza, Vishal M. Patel ·

One-Class Classification (OCC) is a special case of multi-class classification, where data observed during training is from a single positive class. The goal of OCC is to learn a representation and/or a classifier that enables recognition of positively labeled queries during inference. This topic has received considerable amount of interest in the computer vision, machine learning and biometrics communities in recent years. In this article, we provide a survey of classical statistical and recent deep learning-based OCC methods for visual recognition. We discuss the merits and drawbacks of existing OCC approaches and identify promising avenues for research in this field. In addition, we present a discussion of commonly used datasets and evaluation metrics for OCC.

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