OpenFE: Automated Feature Generation beyond Expert-level Performance

22 Nov 2022  ·  Tianping Zhang, Zheyu Zhang, Zhiyuan Fan, Haoyan Luo, Fengyuan Liu, Wei Cao, Jian Li ·

The goal of automated feature generation is to liberate machine learning experts from the laborious task of manual feature generation, which is crucial for improving the learning performance of tabular data. The major challenge in automated feature generation is to efficiently and accurately identify useful features from a vast pool of candidate features. In this paper, we present OpenFE, an automated feature generation tool that provides competitive results against machine learning experts. OpenFE achieves efficiency and accuracy with two components: 1) a novel feature boosting method for accurately estimating the incremental performance of candidate features. 2) a feature-scoring framework for retrieving effective features from a large number of candidates through successive featurewise halving and feature importance attribution. Extensive experiments on seven benchmark datasets show that OpenFE outperforms existing baseline methods. We further evaluate OpenFE in two famous Kaggle competitions with thousands of data science teams participating. In one of the competitions, features generated by OpenFE with a simple baseline model can beat 99.3\% data science teams. In addition to the empirical results, we provide a theoretical perspective to show that feature generation is beneficial in a simple yet representative setting. The code is available at

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