Optimal short-term memory before the edge of chaos in driven random recurrent networks

24 Dec 2019  ·  Taichi Haruna, Kohei Nakajima ·

The ability of discrete-time nonlinear recurrent neural networks to store time-varying small input signals is investigated by mean-field theory. The combination of a small input strength and mean-field assumptions makes it possible to derive an approximate expression for the conditional probability density of the state of a neuron given a past input signal. From this conditional probability density, we can analytically calculate short-term memory measures, such as memory capacity, mutual information, and Fisher information, and determine the relationships among these measures, which have not been clarified to date to the best of our knowledge. We show that the network contribution of these short-term memory measures peaks before the edge of chaos, where the dynamics of input-driven networks is stable but corresponding systems without input signals are unstable.

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