Out-of-Step Detection Based On an Improved Line Potential Energy Criterion

14 Apr 2021  ·  Xiao Li, Chongru Liu, Jin Ma ·

The line potential energy in the cutset is used as the criterion for monitoring the generator instability, but the criterion has the following two limitations due to narrowly defined conditions. The assumption of an ideal constant power load is difficult to satisfy, and the condition of the critical cutset is too narrow. The limitations are addressed by analyzing the relationship between the power of the load elements and the power of the cutset based on the two-machine equivalent. Modifications of the theoretical derivation steps of this criterion are presented to extend the applications of the criterion and provide theoretical support for its online use. Two simple strategies are proposed to ensure early detection of the generator instability.

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