PAConv: Position Adaptive Convolution with Dynamic Kernel Assembling on Point Clouds

We introduce Position Adaptive Convolution (PAConv), a generic convolution operation for 3D point cloud processing. The key of PAConv is to construct the convolution kernel by dynamically assembling basic weight matrices stored in Weight Bank, where the coefficients of these weight matrices are self-adaptively learned from point positions through ScoreNet. In this way, the kernel is built in a data-driven manner, endowing PAConv with more flexibility than 2D convolutions to better handle the irregular and unordered point cloud data. Besides, the complexity of the learning process is reduced by combining weight matrices instead of brutally predicting kernels from point positions. Furthermore, different from the existing point convolution operators whose network architectures are often heavily engineered, we integrate our PAConv into classical MLP-based point cloud pipelines without changing network configurations. Even built on simple networks, our method still approaches or even surpasses the state-of-the-art models, and significantly improves baseline performance on both classification and segmentation tasks, yet with decent efficiency. Thorough ablation studies and visualizations are provided to understand PAConv. Code is released on

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Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
3D Point Cloud Classification IntrA PAConv F1 score (5-fold) 0.906 # 3
3D Point Cloud Classification ModelNet40 PAConv Overall Accuracy 93.9 # 12
Point Cloud Segmentation PointCloud-C PAConv mean Corruption Error (mCE) 0.927 # 2
Point Cloud Classification PointCloud-C PAConv mean Corruption Error (mCE) 1.104 # 15