PaDiM: a Patch Distribution Modeling Framework for Anomaly Detection and Localization

17 Nov 2020  ·  Thomas Defard, Aleksandr Setkov, Angelique Loesch, Romaric Audigier ·

We present a new framework for Patch Distribution Modeling, PaDiM, to concurrently detect and localize anomalies in images in a one-class learning setting. PaDiM makes use of a pretrained convolutional neural network (CNN) for patch embedding, and of multivariate Gaussian distributions to get a probabilistic representation of the normal class. It also exploits correlations between the different semantic levels of CNN to better localize anomalies. PaDiM outperforms current state-of-the-art approaches for both anomaly detection and localization on the MVTec AD and STC datasets. To match real-world visual industrial inspection, we extend the evaluation protocol to assess performance of anomaly localization algorithms on non-aligned dataset. The state-of-the-art performance and low complexity of PaDiM make it a good candidate for many industrial applications.

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Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Uses Extra
Training Data
Result Benchmark
Anomaly Detection Hyper-Kvasir Dataset PaDiM AUC 0.923 # 4
Anomaly Detection LAG PaDiM AUC 0.688 # 5
Anomaly Detection MVTec AD PaDiM-EfficientNet-B5 Detection AUROC 97.9 # 22
Anomaly Detection MVTec AD PaDiM-WR50-Rd550 Detection AUROC 95.3 # 36
Segmentation AUROC 97.5 # 25
Anomaly Detection MVTec AD PaDiM-R18-Rd100 Segmentation AUROC 96.7 # 33

Methods