Passive Motion Detection via mmWave Communication System

28 Mar 2022  ·  Jie Li, Chao Yu, Yan Luo, Yifei Sun, Rui Wang ·

In this paper, an integrated passive sensing and communication system working in 60 GHz band is elaborated, and the sensing performance is investigated in an application of hand gesture recognition. Specifically, in this integrated system, there are two radio frequency (RF) chains at the receiver and one at the transmitter. Each RF chain is connected with one phased array for analog beamforming. To facilitate simultaneous sensing and communication, the transmitter delivers one stream of information-bearing signals via two beam lobes, one is aligned with the main signal propagation path and the other is directed to the sensing target. Signals from the two lobes are received by the two RF chains at the receiver, respectively. By cross ambiguity coherent processing, the time-Doppler spectrograms of hand gestures can be obtained. Relying on the passive sensing system, a dataset of received signals, where three types of hand gestures are sensed, is collected by using Line-of-Sight (LoS) and Non-Line-of-Sight (NLoS) paths as the reference channel respectively. Then a neural network is trained by the dataset for motion detection. It is shown that the classification accuracy rate is high as long as sufficient sensing time is assured. Finally, an empirical model characterizing the relation between the classification accuracy and sensing duration is derived analytically.

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