Physics-based Shadow Image Decomposition for Shadow Removal

23 Dec 2020  ·  Hieu Le, Dimitris Samaras ·

We propose a novel deep learning method for shadow removal. Inspired by physical models of shadow formation, we use a linear illumination transformation to model the shadow effects in the image that allows the shadow image to be expressed as a combination of the shadow-free image, the shadow parameters, and a matte layer. We use two deep networks, namely SP-Net and M-Net, to predict the shadow parameters and the shadow matte respectively. This system allows us to remove the shadow effects from images. We then employ an inpainting network, I-Net, to further refine the results. We train and test our framework on the most challenging shadow removal dataset (ISTD). Our method improves the state-of-the-art in terms of root mean square error (RMSE) for the shadow area by 20\%. Furthermore, this decomposition allows us to formulate a patch-based weakly-supervised shadow removal method. This model can be trained without any shadow-free images (that are cumbersome to acquire) and achieves competitive shadow removal results compared to state-of-the-art methods that are trained with fully paired shadow and shadow-free images. Last, we introduce SBU-Timelapse, a video shadow removal dataset for evaluating shadow removal methods.

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Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Benchmark
Shadow Removal Adjusted ISTD SP+M+I-Net RMSE 6.0 # 2