Physics-Informed Bayesian Learning of Electrohydrodynamic Polymer Jet Printing Dynamics

Calibration of highly dynamic multi-physics manufacturing processes such as electro-hydrodynamics-based additive manufacturing (AM) technologies (E-jet printing) is still performed by labor-intensive trial-and-error practices. These practices have hindered the broad adoption of these technologies, demanding a new paradigm of self-calibrating E-jet printing machines. To address this need, we developed GPJet, an end-to-end physics-informed Bayesian learning framework, and tested it on a virtual E-jet printing machine with in-process jet monitoring capabilities. GPJet consists of three modules: a) the Machine Vision module, b) the Physics-Based Modeling Module, and c) the Machine Learning (ML) module. We demonstrate that the Machine Vision module can extract high-fidelity jet features in real-time from video data using an automated parallelized computer vision workflow. In addition, we show that the Machine Vision module, combined with the Physics-based modeling module, can act as closed-loop sensory feedback to the Machine Learning module of high- and low-fidelity data. Powered by our data-centric approach, we demonstrate that the online ML planner can actively learn the jet process dynamics using video and physics with minimum experimental cost. GPJet brings us one step closer to realizing the vision of intelligent AM machines that can efficiently search complex process-structure-property landscapes and create optimized material solutions for a wide range of applications at a fraction of the cost and speed.

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