Pixel-variant Local Homography for Fisheye Stereo Rectification Minimizing Resampling Distortion

12 Jul 2017  ·  Dingfu Zhou, Yuchao Dai, Hongdong Li ·

Large field-of-view fisheye lens cameras have attracted more and more researchers' attention in the field of robotics. However, there does not exist a convenient off-the-shelf stereo rectification approach which can be applied directly to fisheye stereo rig. One obvious drawback of existing methods is that the resampling distortion (which is defined as the loss of pixels due to under-sampling and the creation of new pixels due to over-sampling during rectification process) is severe if we want to obtain a rectification with epipolar line (not epipolar circle) constraint. To overcome this weakness, we propose a novel pixel-wise local homography technique for stereo rectification. First, we prove that there indeed exist enough degrees of freedom to apply pixel-wise local homography for stereo rectification. Then we present a method to exploit these freedoms and the solution via an optimization framework. Finally, the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed method have been verified on real fisheye lens images. The rectification results show that the proposed approach can effectively reduce the resampling distortion in comparison with existing methods while satisfying the epipolar line constraint. By employing the proposed method, dense stereo matching and 3D reconstruction for fisheye lens camera become as easy as perspective lens cameras.

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