PixelSteganalysis: Destroying Hidden Information with a Low Degree of Visual Degradation

30 Jan 2019  ·  Dahuin Jung, Ho Bae, Hyun-Soo Choi, Sungroh Yoon ·

Steganography is the science of unnoticeably concealing a secret message within a certain image, called a cover image. The cover image with the secret message is called a stego image... Steganography is commonly used for illegal purposes such as terrorist activities and pornography. To thwart covert communications and transactions, attacking algorithms against steganography, called steganalysis, exist. Currently, there are many studies implementing deep learning to the steganography algorithm. However, conventional steganalysis is no longer effective for deep learning based steganography algorithms. Our framework is the first one to disturb covert communications and transactions via the recent deep learning-based steganography algorithms. We first extract a sophisticated pixel distribution of the potential stego image from the auto-regressive model induced by deep learning. Using the extracted pixel distributions, we detect whether an image is the stego or not at the pixel level. Each pixel value is adjusted as required and the adjustment induces an effective removal of the secret image. Because the decoding method of deep learning-based steganography algorithms is approximate (lossy), which is different from the conventional steganography, we propose a new quantitative metric that is more suitable for measuring the accurate effect. We evaluate our method using three public benchmarks in comparison with a conventional steganalysis method and show up to a 20% improvement in terms of decoding rate. read more

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