PolSAR Image Classification Based on Dilated Convolution and Pixel-Refining Parallel Mapping network in the Complex Domain

24 Sep 2019  ·  Dongling Xiao, Chang Liu, Qi. Wang, Chao Wang, Xin Zhang ·

Efficient and accurate polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) image classification with a limited number of prior labels is always full of challenges. For general supervised deep learning classification algorithms, the pixel-by-pixel algorithm achieves precise yet inefficient classification with a small number of labeled pixels, whereas the pixel mapping algorithm achieves efficient yet edge-rough classification with more prior labels required. To take efficiency, accuracy and prior labels into account, we propose a novel pixel-refining parallel mapping network in the complex domain named CRPM-Net and the corresponding training algorithm for PolSAR image classification. CRPM-Net consists of two parallel sub-networks: a) A transfer dilated convolution mapping network in the complex domain (C-Dilated CNN) activated by a complex cross-convolution neural network (Cs-CNN), which is aiming at precise localization, high efficiency and the full use of phase information; b) A complex domain encoder-decoder network connected parallelly with C-Dilated CNN, which is to extract more contextual semantic features. Finally, we design a two-step algorithm to train the Cs-CNN and CRPM-Net with a small number of labeled pixels for higher accuracy by refining misclassified labeled pixels. We verify the proposed method on AIRSAR and E-SAR datasets. The experimental results demonstrate that CRPM-Net achieves the best classification results and substantially outperforms some latest state-of-the-art approaches in both efficiency and accuracy for PolSAR image classification. The source code and trained models for CRPM-Net is available at: https://github.com/PROoshio/CRPM-Net.

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