Prediction-based One-shot Dynamic Parking Pricing

30 Aug 2022  ·  Seoyoung Hong, Heejoo Shin, Jeongwhan Choi, Noseong Park ·

Many U.S. metropolitan cities are notorious for their severe shortage of parking spots. To this end, we present a proactive prediction-driven optimization framework to dynamically adjust parking prices. We use state-of-the-art deep learning technologies such as neural ordinary differential equations (NODEs) to design our future parking occupancy rate prediction model given historical occupancy rates and price information. Owing to the continuous and bijective characteristics of NODEs, in addition, we design a one-shot price optimization method given a pre-trained prediction model, which requires only one iteration to find the optimal solution. In other words, we optimize the price input to the pre-trained prediction model to achieve targeted occupancy rates in the parking blocks. We conduct experiments with the data collected in San Francisco and Seattle for years. Our prediction model shows the best accuracy in comparison with various temporal or spatio-temporal forecasting models. Our one-shot optimization method greatly outperforms other black-box and white-box search methods in terms of the search time and always returns the optimal price solution.

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