Prediction Modeling and Analysis for Telecom Customer Churn in Two Months

1 Nov 2019  ·  Lingling Yang, Dongyang Li, Yao Lu ·

A practical churn customer prediction model is critical to retain customers for telecom companies in the saturated and competitive market. Previous studies focus on predicting churn customers in current or next month, in which telecom companies don't have enough time to develop and carry out churn management strategies. In this paper, we propose a new T+2 churn customer prediction model, in which the churn customers in two months are recognized and the one-month window T+1 is reserved to carry out churn management strategies. However, the predictions for churn customers in two months are much more difficult than in current or next month because of the weaker correlation between the customer information and churn states. Two characteristics of telecom dataset, the discrimination between churn and non-churn customers is complicated and the class imbalance problem is serious, are observed. To discriminate the churn customers accurately, random forest (RF) classifier is chosen because RF solves the nonlinear separable problem with low bias and low variance and handles high feature spaces and large number of training examples. To overcome the imbalance problem, synthetic minority over-sampling with borderline or tomek link, in which the distribution of the samples remains and the number of the training examples becomes larger, is applied. Overall, a precision ratio of about 50% with a recall ratio of about 50% is achieved in the T+2 churn prediction. The proposed prediction model provides an accurate and operable churn customer prediction model for telecom companies.

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