Prior-Induced Information Alignment for Image Matting

28 Jun 2021  ·  Yuhao Liu, Jiake Xie, Yu Qiao, Yong Tang and, Xin Yang ·

Image matting is an ill-posed problem that aims to estimate the opacity of foreground pixels in an image. However, most existing deep learning-based methods still suffer from the coarse-grained details. In general, these algorithms are incapable of felicitously distinguishing the degree of exploration between deterministic domains (certain FG and BG pixels) and undetermined domains (uncertain in-between pixels), or inevitably lose information in the continuous sampling process, leading to a sub-optimal result. In this paper, we propose a novel network named Prior-Induced Information Alignment Matting Network (PIIAMatting), which can efficiently model the distinction of pixel-wise response maps and the correlation of layer-wise feature maps. It mainly consists of a Dynamic Gaussian Modulation mechanism (DGM) and an Information Alignment strategy (IA). Specifically, the DGM can dynamically acquire a pixel-wise domain response map learned from the prior distribution. The response map can present the relationship between the opacity variation and the convergence process during training. On the other hand, the IA comprises an Information Match Module (IMM) and an Information Aggregation Module (IAM), jointly scheduled to match and aggregate the adjacent layer-wise features adaptively. Besides, we also develop a Multi-Scale Refinement (MSR) module to integrate multi-scale receptive field information at the refinement stage to recover the fluctuating appearance details. Extensive quantitative and qualitative evaluations demonstrate that the proposed PIIAMatting performs favourably against state-of-the-art image matting methods on the, Composition-1K and Distinctions-646 dataset.

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