Prompt-based Multi-interest Learning Method for Sequential Recommendation

9 Jan 2024  ·  Xue Dong, Xuemeng Song, Tongliang Liu, Weili Guan ·

Multi-interest learning method for sequential recommendation aims to predict the next item according to user multi-faceted interests given the user historical interactions. Existing methods mainly consist of a multi-interest extractor that embeds the multiple user interests based on the user interactions, and a multi-interest aggregator that aggregates the learned multi-interest embeddings to derive the final user embedding, used for predicting the user rating to an item. Despite their effectiveness, existing methods have two key limitations: 1) they directly feed the user interactions into the multi-interest extractor and aggregator, while ignoring their different learning objectives, and 2) they merely consider the centrality of the user interactions to embed multiple interests of the user, while overlooking their dispersion. To tackle these limitations, we propose a prompt-based multi-interest learning method (PoMRec), where specific prompts are inserted into user interactions, making them adaptive to the extractor and aggregator. Moreover, we utilize both the mean and variance embeddings of user interactions to embed the user multiple interests for the comprehensively user interest learning. We conduct extensive experiments on three public datasets, and the results verify that our proposed PoMRec outperforms the state-of-the-art multi-interest learning methods.

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