Deep neural networks are widely used and exhibit excellent performance in
many areas. However, they are vulnerable to adversarial attacks that compromise
the network at the inference time by applying elaborately designed perturbation
to input data...
Although several defense methods have been proposed to address
specific attacks, other attack methods can circumvent these defense mechanisms. Therefore, we propose Purifying Variational Autoencoder (PuVAE), a method to
purify adversarial examples. The proposed method eliminates an adversarial
perturbation by projecting an adversarial example on the manifold of each
class, and determines the closest projection as a purified sample. We
experimentally illustrate the robustness of PuVAE against various attack
methods without any prior knowledge. In our experiments, the proposed method
exhibits performances competitive with state-of-the-art defense methods, and
the inference time is approximately 130 times faster than that of Defense-GAN
that is the state-of-the art purifier model.