Pyramid Fusion Transformer for Semantic Segmentation

11 Jan 2022  ·  Zipeng Qin, Jianbo Liu, Xiaolin Zhang, Maoqing Tian, Aojun Zhou, Shuai Yi, Hongsheng Li ·

The recently proposed MaskFormer gives a refreshed perspective on the task of semantic segmentation: it shifts from the popular pixel-level classification paradigm to a mask-level classification method. In essence, it generates paired probabilities and masks corresponding to category segments and combines them during inference for the segmentation maps. In our study, we find that per-mask classification decoder on top of a single-scale feature is not effective enough to extract reliable probability or mask. To mine for rich semantic information across the feature pyramid, we propose a transformer-based Pyramid Fusion Transformer (PFT) for per-mask approach semantic segmentation with multi-scale features. The proposed transformer decoder performs cross-attention between the learnable queries and each spatial feature from the feature pyramid in parallel and uses cross-scale inter-query attention to exchange complimentary information. We achieve competitive performance on three widely used semantic segmentation datasets. In particular, on ADE20K validation set, our result with Swin-B backbone surpasses that of MaskFormer's with a much larger Swin-L backbone in both single-scale and multi-scale inference, achieving 54.1 mIoU and 55.7 mIoU respectively. Using a Swin-L backbone, we achieve single-scale 56.1 mIoU and multi-scale 57.4 mIoU, obtaining state-of-the-art performance on the dataset. Extensive experiments on three widely used semantic segmentation datasets verify the effectiveness of our proposed method.

PDF Abstract

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.